Published 1962 by Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Washington, D.C .
Written in EnglishRead online
Bibliography: p. 17.
|Statement||[by Robert L. Brown and A.L. Hafenrichter].|
|Series||Miscellaneous publication / United States Department of Agriculture -- no. 892, Miscellaneous publication (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) -- no. 892.|
|Contributions||Hafenrichter, A. L. b. 1897.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||18 p. :|
|Number of Pages||18|
Download Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants
Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants. [Robert L Brown; A L Hafenrichter] -- Establishing and maintaining permanent vegetation has proved to be the most effective and efficient means of stabilizing coastal sand dunes.
The dune areas on the Pacific coast of North America. Genre/Form: book: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Brown, Robert L., Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants.
Washington, D.C. Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants / Related Titles. Series: Miscellaneous publication / United States Department of Agriculture ; no.
Brown, Robert L., Hafenrichter, A. (Atlee Lawrence), Type. Book. Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants by Brown, Robert L., ; Hafenrichter, A.
(Atlee Lawrence), Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants / By Robert L. Brown and A. (Atlee Lawrence) Hafenrichter. Abstract. no Topics: Pacific Coast (U.S.), Sand dunes, Soil stabilization Soil-binding plants. Establishing and maintaining permanent vegetation has proved to be the most effective and efficient means of stabilizing coastal sand dunes.
The dune areas on the Pacific coast of North America are the result of accelerated erosion caused primarily by the destruction of a cover of native vegetation.
In some areas the climax cover was herbaceous, in others it was woody, and in still others it was a combination of herbaceous. Abstract. Coastal dunes are stabilized in three stages: (1) The initial stage uses sand-stilling grasses established vegetatively.
For this purpose, European beachgrass,Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link., is most used, followed by American beachgrass,A. breviligulata Fern., or American dunegrass,Elymus mollis Trin. Large solid plantings must be made with the spacing and number of plants per hill.
The dune areas on the Pacific coast of North America are the result of accelerated erosion caused primarily by the destruction of a cover of native vegetation. In some areas the climax cover was herbaceous, in others it was woody, and in still others it was a combination of herbaceous.
Category: Sand dunes; Page: 18; View: ; DOWNLOAD NOW» Establishing and maintaining permanent vegetation has proved to be the most effective and efficient means of stabilizing coastal sand dunes. The dune areas on the Pacific coast of North America are the result of accelerated erosion caused primarily by the destruction of a cover of.
On the Oregon coast, hairy manzanita is common on stabilized sand dunes, where it mingles with shore pine (Pinus contorta), evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum), and salal (Gaultheria shallon). Further inland, it appears sporadically in disturbed and exposed areas of the Coast Range and foothills of the Cascades, and even as far east as the.
Woody plants have been used for dune stabilization on the Pacific coast in North America. McLaren () discussed the use of trees with intensive culture for dune control and recreational use on the south Pacific coast.
Kellogg () described the trees that were adapted for timber production on the coastal dunes of southern Oregon. Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants / By Robert L.
Brown and A. (Atlee Lawrence) Hafenrichter. Topics: Pacific Coast (U.S.), Sand dunes, Woody plants. Skeleton Coast Climate and Water Sources. The Namib Desert is one of the driest places on Earth, with an average annual precipitation of about 2 cm along the Skeleton some years, it does not rain at all.
There are only two other coastal deserts in the world with a similar climate: the Atacama Desert on the Pacific Coast of Peru and Northern Chile, and the Sonoran Desert in Baja. BROWN, R. and HAFENRICHTER, A. (): Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific Coast with woody plants. Misc.
Pub.Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. Google Scholar. Although this book is written with the Pacific Crest Trail thru-hiker in mind, the principles are largely similar.
If you own Appalachian Trials do not buy this percent of the proceeds of your purchase of Pacific Crest Trials will go to the Pacific Crest Trail Association, the non-profit that oversees and protects the Pacific Crest Trail.
Subjects: AgSpace browse plants conservation plants erosion control ground cover plants Internet resource Pasture plants Soil conservation Soil-binding plants Wildlife management Stabilizing sand dunes on the Pacific coast with woody plants /. Dieout of Ammophila breviligulata— death of the major dune-stabilizing plants — has been observed along the north and mid-Atlantic coast of the United States for the past decade and a half.
The major function of tree and shrub vegetation on sand dunes is still the permanent solid structural stabilization. All of trees and shrubs of the sand dunes produce viable seed, but intentional establishment occurs using bare- rooted or potted seedlings. Most parts of the sand sheet are a base-level plain with very little relief.
Other parts, particularly those closer to the coast, are covered in active or stabilized dunes oriented along a northwest-southeast axis. Relief is greatest in Kenedy County, where some dunes. Many types of sand dunes sand spits, which make upacres of the Pacific Northwest coast, provide exceptional recreational op- portunities as well as rich habitat ar- eas for wildlife.
Of the total dune area, ab acres are dunes with essentially no vegetation; and of these, nearly 5, acres are "ac. As sand accumulates, plants adapted to the beach environment emerge, stabilizing the surface and promoting further dune formation.
In the absence of stabilizing vegetation, blowing sand may drift into large "live" dunes that move back and forth with the wind, such as Jockey's Ridge near Kill Devil Hills. The most effective method of stabilizing coastal dunes is through the use of vegetation (Woodhouse, ).
In many cases, vegetation is the least expensive, most durable, most aesthetically pleasing, and only self-repairing technique available (Woodhouse, ).
Dune plants are especially effective at stopping and holding wind-borne sand. Foredune flora. Plants that thrive on the foredune must be tolerant to salt spray, strong winds, and burial by blowing/accumulating l vegetation includes Ammophila arenaria, Honckenya peploides, Cakile maritima, and Spartina coarctata.
Backdune flora. Plants which thrive on the broad dune plain and backdune grow together into dense patches termed dune mats that hold the dune together.
stabilizing plants are tolerant ofsalt, intense heat, soils lacking humus, and a limited water supply. As sand piles up around beachgrass plants, new roots develop on the buried stems and new shoots emerge from the sand's surface.
The result is a dense mat ofvegetation which anchors the dune below its surface and traps more windblown sand. Over time, as sand dunes become stabilized, shrubs and trees begin to colonize backdune areas. On the barrier islands of the Mid-Atlantic coast, maritime forests infrequently occur behind primary and secondary dune zones.
e major function of tree and shrub vegetation on sand dunes is permanent structural stabilization. e USDA-NRCS Plant. The dunes of Episode I, the inner and older, are at present stabilized, except for small areas still active, by forest in the extreme north and by the “dune shrub community” on the remainder of the coast.
The dunes of Episode II, active and with little vegetation, extend to. Coastal species in stabilized dunes. have an impact on the evolution of the traits of plants occupying sand-dune ecosystem (Maun ).
had begun a long-term study of Pacific coast strand. Human settlements along the coast have affected sand dune environments, primarily through the establishment of coconut plantations in the Caribbean and the use of fire to manage vegetation.
Other areas have been cut for wood or for conversion to grasslands. There is not much original vegetation left, especially in stabilized areas. STABILIZATION OF SAND DUNES climate of West Coast dunes can be found in Cooper,2 Crook,3 Recken-dorf,4 Ternyik,5 and Woodhouse.6 The greatest amount of sand movement along the West Coast, partic-ularly on the North Pacific Coast, takes place during the high-velocity wind storms in winter.
During these storms, sand engulfs the vegetation near. Sand dunes occur widely around the coastline of the UK, with particularly extensive areas in the Hebrides and fewer along the south coast. What to look for Typically, dune systems made of lime-rich shell sand promote the widest range of plants.
Sand dunes occur in 33 localities along the km of North American Pacific coast between the Straits of Juan de Fuca (49/sup 0/N) and Cape Mendocino (40/sup 0/). The dune landscape is a mosaic of dune forms: transverse ridge, oblique dune, retention ridge, foredune, parabola dune, sand hummock, blowout, sand plain, deflation plain, dune ridge.
The recreational sand dunes are typically void of plants and animals except for bugs that are hard to spot. These dunes are usually open to the public to explore on foot and in some cases with motorized vehicles.
Oceano Dunes State Vehicular Recreation Area. Oceano Dunes is probably the best known dunes on the California Coast. There ATV’s. Moreno-Casasola, in Encyclopedia of Ecology, Dune size varies considerably. Some of the biggest dunes are found in deserts such as Badain Jaran Desert in the Gobi Desert in China (approximately m), the Sossuvlei Dunes, Namib Desert ( m), and the Great Sand Dunes National Park Preserve in Colorado, USA ( m).
Along the coast, on the Bassin d’Arcachon. The plants are thought to control sand movement and determine the shape and position of the dunes (e.g. Moreno-Casasola ), while the dune structure can determine the abiotic factors such as soil moisture and nutrients that control plant establishment, growth and reproduction (Ehrenfeld ).
Second, dunes are very important seaside habitats and are home to many plants and animals. Once stabilized by Beachgrass, the dunes can be home to a number of plant species including: beach pea, bayberry, seaside goldenrod, wild rose and cranberry.
If the Beachgrass doesn’t grow or take hold, nothing will grow and the erosion process begins. From Death Valley’s desert sand dunes to Oregon’s sculpted dunes, here are ten of the coolest sand dune the United States.
U.S. Sand Dunes to Visit, Board, Climb, and Hike Go. The plant zonation was assessed by quantifying the vegetation along m, walking parallel to the coast-line, in each of four major dune zones: (1) the embryonic fore-dune, (2) the top fore-dune on the first ridge of the dune formation, (3) the middle-dune with high plant species richness and bare substrate, and (4) the back-dune dominated by woody plants.
There are hundreds of plant species in the park and preserve, adapted for environments as diverse as alpine tundra and warm water a List of Plants for Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve .pdf file, 3 MB).
Below are selected plants found in ecosystems of the park and preserve, beginning with alpine tundra. Dune buggy driving and sandboarding are two popular pastimes for visitors to Huacachina, a small village punctuated by sand dunes that’s located miles south of Lima, ing to legend.
Barbour and Johnson ). The plant thrives in unstable dunes where there is continuous sand accretion, but it is also found in stabilized dunes. While European beachgrass appears to spread actively north of San Francisco, it is not as aggressive to the south (Barbour et al.Barbour and Johnson ).
However, it is reported as. In Alaska, dunes perch on permanently frozen ground above the Arctic Circle; in northern Colorado, dunes are surrounded by fir and aspen forests; and about one-third of the Pacific Coast, from Cabo San Lucas at the southern tip of Baja California to Cape Flattery in northern Washington, is lined intermittently with dunes.Eureka Sand Dunes in Death Valley National Park rise an impressive feet above the valley floor and are backed by the even taller Last Chance Mountains, creating a stunning Mars like landscape.
Despite being the hottest and driest place in North America, these dunes support a surprising amount of plant life, including species so rare that.The Great Sand Dunes, in southern Colorado, are the tallest in North America, with a few dunes towering over the spring and summer months, snow melt from the two mountain ranges that frame the park form the wide and shallow Medano Creek, which makes Great Sand Dunes feel like a backwards beach.